This is Drenewydd farm and is where all the cows are housed and grazed. The farm is situated at the edge of the Shropshire plain, nestling beneath the welsh hills. It is 240 acres (100ha) in total and is all grassland.
There are enough buildings at the farm to house all 330 cows and the 150 or more youngstock during the winter. There are tracks laid out across the farm so that cows can wallk to all the fields without damaging the soil. The cow tracks are shown in yellow on the map and follow the hegeline.
Most of the fields have a hawthorn hedge around them which is protected by a single wire electric fence. Many of the fields are subdivided by an electric fence to make them into smaller grazing areas.
The milking cows are housed in cubicles in the large green building and the ones due to give birth are in the small green building. The youngstock are kept in the long building to the right of the picture with the hay barn just above it. As a rule there will be no animals in doors for much of the year but the weather can be harsh and the grass does not grow for at least four months during winter.
Even though the animals are only in for a few months they still produce enormous amounts of muck which has to be stored. That is kept in the lagoon which sits to the right of the cubicle shed and holds 5,250,000 litres. Milking cows produce 10% of their bodyweight in manure everyday, which means my average cow here produces around 60kgs of manure per day.
From March to November the youngstock graze at this rented farm. It sits above the market town of Oswestry at 270 metres over sea level. The rainfall is higher here so there is rarely a shortage of grass in the growing season.